Kenya identified illiteracy, poverty and disease as its greatest enemies at independence in 1963 and continuously made them integral in the country’s development goals. In education, despite consistently spending a good percentage of the national budget, the country is yet to attain the envisioned achievements close to six decades later.
Granted, the nation has realized a number of milestones, including: the free primary education programme initiated in 2003; increase in universities and university colleges from one (1) in 1963 to seventy two (72) in 2019, and lately the free and compulsory basic education, accompanied with plans to ensure 100% transition from primary to secondary education. Further, the Government has set aside funds to subsidize secondary education. Equally significant is increased financing of the Technical, Vocational Education Training (TVET) sector.
However, numerous challenges still abound. These primarily hinge on inadequate financing by Government, calling for contributions from parents and guardians. As such, a big portion of the populace is still unable to provide quality education for their children. As such, access is a big challenge both in terms of availability of space in institutions, and affordability, especially in poor rural communities.